Tuesday, 30 April 2013

Relations with husband, children & Other Kin


SAYINGS OF THE MESSENGER (153 TO 174)
(SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM)
Relations with husband, children & Other Kin
153.       Sayyidah “Umm Salmah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ha)
       The woman whose husband is pleased with her and she dies will be sent to Paradise. (Ibn Majah, Tirmizi, Targheeb)
154.       Sayyidina ‘Abdullah bin ‘Awf (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       The woman who observes the five prayers regularly, fasts during the month of Ramadhan, preserves her chastity and obedient to her husband, will be told: Enter Paradise by whichever of its doors you wish to enter. (Ahmad, Tabarani, Targheeb)
155.       Sayyidina Husayn bin Mohsin (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Your husband is your Paradise and your Hell. (If he is obeyed then he is a means to Paradise, otherwise Hell). (Ahmad, Nasa’i, Targheeb)
156.       Sayyidina Qays bin Sa’d (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       If I were to command a person to prostrate before any other person I would command women to prostrate before their husbands because Allah has allowed many rights to husbands. (Abu Dawood, Targheeb)
157.       Sayyidina ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       It is the husband’s right on his wife that if he calls her to him she must not say no even if she is seated on a saddle back. It is also one of his rights that she must not observe optional fasting without his permission; if she does so then she will stay hungry and thirsty (meaninglessly) and her fasting will not be accepted. No woman should go out of her house without the permission of her husband; if she does so then the Angels of the heaven, Angels of mercy, Angels of punishment-all curse her until she returns. (Tabarani, Targheeb)
158.       Sayyidina Zayd bin Arqam (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       A woman cannot fulfill the rights of Allah unless she fulfils the rights of her husband. (Tabarani, Targheeb)
159.       Sayyidina ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Allah does not look at that woman (with mercy) who does not thank her husband although she can never be independent of him. (Nasa’i, Targheeb)
160.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       If a husband calls his wife to his bed and she does not oblige so that he is annoyed with her for the night then the Angels curse such a woman until dawn. (Bukhari, Targheeb)

RELATIONS WITH Children
161.       Sayyidah ‘Aishah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ha)
       If anyone has on him the responsibility of raising daughters and he fulfils that responsibility gently, then these daughters will be a means to protect him from the Fire. (Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat)
162.       Sayyidina Jabir bin Samurah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       If anyone teaches his children etiquettes it is better than paying one Sa’ in Sadaqah. (Sa’ is a measure of weight. Sadaqah is charity). (Tirmizi, Mishkat)
163.       Sayyidina Anas (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       If anyone raises two daughters looking after them until they attain adulthood then, on the day of Resurrection, I and he will be (near to one another) like that, saying that he joined his fingers together. (Muslim, Mishkat)
164.       Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       If anyone is guardian over a girl (daughter, sister etc) and he does not bury her alive, does not belittle her, and does not prefer his male children over her then Allah will send him to Paradise. (Abu Dawood, Mishkat)
165.       Sayyidina Ayyub bin Moosa (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       A father cannot give his son a gift better than good moral upbringing. (Tirmizi, Mishkat)
166.       Sayyidina Suraaqah bin Maalik (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Shall I not reveal to you the most superior Sadaqah? If your daughter returns to you (on being divorced) and there is no one to earn for her besides you (then you must take care of her). (Ibn Majah, Mishkat)
167.       Sayyidina Sabrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Teach your child to pray when he is seven years old. At ten years of age, beat him (if he neglects prayer). (Ahmad, Tirmizi, al-Jami’as-Saghir by Seyuti)
168.       Sayyidina Bakr bin ‘Abdullah bin ar-Rabee (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Teach your children swimming and archery. The best play for the believing women is the spinning wheel. When your mother and father summon you simultaneously then you must go to your mother first. (Ibn Mansoor, Faryaabi, al-Jami’as-Saghir)


Relations With Other Kin
169.       Sayyidina Sa’eed bin al-‘Aas (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       The elder brothers have rights over their younger brothers similar to the rights of a father over his sons. (Bayhaqi, Mishkat)
170.       Sayyidina ‘Ali (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       The paternal uncle of a person is a branch of his father. (Tirmizi, al-Jami’as-Saghir)
171.       Sayyidina Baraa’ bin ‘Azib (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       The maternal aunt is of the same rank as one’s mother. (Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmizi, Abu Dawood, al-Jami’as-Saghir)
172.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Learn enough of your geneology to be able to keep relationships alive because joining ties with relatives brings about love, increases wealth and delays death. (Tirmizi, Mishkat)
173.       Sayyidina Jubayr bin Mut’im (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       He who breaks ties of relationship will not enter Paradise. (Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat)
174.       Sayyidina ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       He who reciprocates (the kind gestures of relatives) is not the one who joins ties of relationship but he is the one to join these ties who responds kindly to those who break relationship with him. (Bukhari, Muslim)


Collected  from The Book “Sayings of The Prophet” (Peace Be Upon Him),  Written by Justice Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani &  Published by Darul Ishaat, Urdu Bazaar Karachi, by Muhammad Sharif Fauji   

Monday, 29 April 2013

Family Life


SAYINGS OF THE MESSENGER (130 TO 152)
(SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM)
Family Life
Behaviour with parents
130.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Children can never repay their father until they find their father enslaved and buy him and set him free. (Muslim, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi, Targheeb)
131.       Sayyidina Abu ‘Umaamah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Your parents may mean Paradiser for you (if you behave well with them) or Hell too (if you disobey them) (Ibn Majah, Targheeb)
132.       Sayyidina Anas (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       He who craves for a long life and abundance of provision must behave kindly with his parents and maintain ties with them. (Ahmad, Targheeb)
133.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Adopt modesty with the women of other men, your women will remain virtuous and adopt pious conduct with your parents, and your children will behave well with you. (Haakim, Targheeb)
134.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       He rubs his nose in dust. Rubs his nose in dust, rubs his nose in dust. (He was asked, “Who, O Messenger of Allah?” He said), “The person who had aged parents yet could not make his way to Paradise.   (Muslim, Targheeb)
135.       Sayyidina Mu’awiyah bin Jahimah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Stay with your mother, for Paradise is under her feet. (Ibn Majah, Nasa’i, Targheeb)

136.       Sayyidina ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       There are three people towards whom Allah will not look at all (with mercy):
1.   One who disobeys his parents.
2.   One who is addicted to wine, and
3.   One who boasts of his favours.  (Nasa’i, Bazzaar, Targheeb)


Husband and Wife
137.       Sayyidina ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ood (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       O young people! Those of you who are able to do it must marry because this is the best way to keep your gaze down. In this way you can better check your sexual desires. As for him who cannot afford to marry, he must observe fasting frequently because fasting is a means to curb sexual desires.   (Bukhari, Muslim, Targheeb)
138.       Sayyidina ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       The word is a treasure and the best of its treasures is a pious woman.  (Nasa’i, Muslim, Targheeb)
139.       Sayyidina Abu Umaamah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Next to Taqwaa (God-fearing attitude), there is nothing better for a believing man than a pious wife. She is one who obeys her husband in every command he gives. When he looks towards her, she pleases him. And, if he swears by her (saying that she would do as he says, surely) then she does not let him down. When her husband is absent she is extremely careful about his property and her own self. (Ibn Majah, Targheeb)
140.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       There are three men who have assurance of Allah’s help:
1.   One who wages Jihad for the sake of Allah.
2.   Makaatib (a slave whose master will release him if he pays a specified sum of money) who intends to pay the money.
3.   One who marries to keep himself away from indecency. (Tirmizi, Targheeb)

141.       Sayyidina Abu Sa’eed Khudri (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       A Woman is married for one of the four reasons:
(1)  Her beauty, (2) her wealth, (3) her good character, or (4) her piety.
       Choose a woman who is pious and well be-haved (Ahmad, Targheeb)


Relation with Wife
142.       Sayyidina Maymoon from Sayyidina Ubayy (Radi-ALLAHO-An-hum)
       If anyone marries a woman agreeing to pay a dower, little or much, but not really intending to pay it to her then he has cheated her. If he dies afterwards without paying her the dower then he will face Allah on the day of Resurrection as an adulterer.    (Targheeb)
143.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)    Among the believers, those who have a good character have perfected their belief. And the best among you are those who are good to their women.    (Tirmizi,Targheeb)

      
144.                     Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
        Let not a believing man hate his believing wife. If he does not like anything in her, he is sure to find something else adorable. (Muslim, Targheeb)

145      Sayyidina mu`awiyah bin Haydah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
        A wife’s right over her husband is that he feeds her when he feeds himself, clothes her when he clothes himself; does not hit her on her face and does not speak to her rudely; and does not spend the night away from her (out of ranger) except within the same house. (Abu Dawood, Targheeb)

146.    Sayyidina ‘Amr bin al-Ahwas (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Listen! Follow my advice in treating women gently. This is because they stay with you restricted. You have no right over anything belonging to them except that they do not do anything shameful. In that case you leave them alone on their bed and beat them lightly so that they do not feel the pain. Then if they obey you do not oppress them. Remember, you have some rights over your wives, and your wives have some rights over you. It is your right over them that they do not defile your bed with those you do not like, and do not let such people as you do not like enter your house. Remember, they have a right over you that you treat them well in feeding and clothing them. (Ibn Majah, Tirmizi)

147. Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
        This is a dinar that you spend in the cause of Allah. That is a dinar that you again use to emancipate a slave. And, this is also a dinar that you give as Sadaqah to a needy person. This too is a dinar which you spend on your wife. Of these, you will fetch the highest reward on the dinar that you spend on your wife. (Muslim, Targheeb)
148.       Sayyidah ‘Aisha (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ha)
       Does that man among you not feel ashamed that he beats his wife in the early part of the day as if he is beating his slave then in the last part of that very day he sleeps with her (having sexual intercourse)? Is he not ashamed of himself? (Abd bin Humayd, Kanz ul-‘Ummaal)
149.       Sayyidina Abu Umaamah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       The worst of men is he who is stingy in giving the rights of his household members.    (Kanz ul-‘Ummaal)

150.       Sayyidina Ilyas bin ‘Abdullah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Many women make the rounds of the house of Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon Him). They complain (of being beating at the hands) of their husbands. Such people (who beat their wives) are not the best among you. (Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah, Mishkat)
151.       Sayyidina Asma bint Abu Bakr (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ha)
       I do not like it that I should see anyone with swollen veins of his neck, standing over his wife and beating her.    (Kanz ul-‘Ummaal, Asd bin Humayd)

152.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       As for him who has two wives and does not do justice to them, he will be seen on the day of Resurrection with one side of his body leaning down.    (Tirmizi, Abu Dawood, Nasa’i)

Collected  from The Book “Sayings of The Prophet” (Peace Be Upon Him),  Written by Justice Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani &  Published by Darul Ishaat, Urdu Bazaar Karachi, by Muhammad Sharif Fauji  

Sunday, 28 April 2013

Tokens of God


LESSON # 45 HOLY QUR’AAN
BAQARAH - 2
Tokens of God
Verse – 29 of 286, section -2
He it is Who created for
you all that is in the earth.
Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens. And He is Knower
of all things.
Huwal-lazii khalaqa lakum-maa fil’arzi jamii-‘aa: sum-mas-tawaaa ‘ilas-Samaaa-‘i fa-sawwaa-hunna sab-‘a samaa-waat Wa Huwa bi-kulli shay-‘in ‘aliim.

Lesson
Fa-sawwaa-hunna – So fashioned them. It means “To adjust/rectify different parts and joints of a thing at their own places”.

Sab-‘a samaa-waat – “Seven Heavens,” “Sam-un” is the matter of “Samaa-waat” and its meaning is height. Due to relation of height with the sky it is called Sky. “Sab-aa” means seven. Hence in the Arabic proverb this word is used in the meanings of too much and numerous.

The human being is the name of the collection of body and soul. It is clear that needs of these both things are completed by the God Almighty, who made this physical frame of mud. His first kindness is that He completes all the physical needs of the human beings so that his body may develop, improve, bud and blossom. The soul of human being also needs food along with bringing up the body.
The meaning of this verse is that the Lord created the earth first. He flew rivers, seas and ocean on one side and raised the high mountains on the other side which talk with the sky grew forests of the trees, fed up the inner parts of the earth with different kinds of uncounted treasures. And these all things were created for the sake of Prophet Adam (Peace be upon Him) and His generation. Now it is the duty of Human Beings that they get reasonable advantages from these uncounted treasures using their wisdom and sense.

Using the word jamii-‘aa The God commanded that these all things are for the children of Adam (Peace be upon Him). They have the right to get advantages from these things. With the physical body of the Human Being breeding of his soul is also necessary. For this purpose earth and its production is un-sufficient. So after creating the earth He engaged the attention towards the Sky. From there it rained guidance in the different times for the training of the Souls of the Human Beings. As the mankind gets advantage from the things of the earth, he should get advantage also from this Rain of Guidance so that his soul may become perfect. As it after becoming a complete mankind he may attend the Court of God.


Transliteration in Roman Script, English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore & translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji

Saturday, 27 April 2013

Labour and Hard Work, Debts and Repayments



SAYINGS OF THE MESSENGER (115 TO 121)
(SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM)
Labour and Hard Work
115.       Sayyidina Miqdaam bin Ma’dikarb (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       No one has eaten better food than what he has earned toiling with his own hands. Dawood (Peace be upon Him) the Prophet of Allah used to earn his sustenance with his own manual labour. (Bukhari, Targheeb)

116.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       It is much better for one of you to pick up wood on his back and earn his livelihood by selling it than to beg money from another. Some may give and some may not. (Malik, Muslim, Bukhari, Targheeb)

117.       Sayyidina ‘Adullah bin ‘Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Surely, Allah likes a skilful believer. (Tabarani, Bayhaqi,  Targheeb)

118.       Sayyidina ‘Aishah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ha)
       The person who having toiled with his hands returns in the evening tired and worn out, sees his evening with his (minor) sins forgiven. (Tabarani, Targheeb)

119.       Sayyidina Sa’eed bin ‘Umayr (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) was asked, “What is the best earning?” He said, “a man’s toiling with his own hands and every earning that is through pious effort.” (Haakim, Targheeb)

120.       Sayyidina ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Pay the labourer his wages before his perspiration dries. (Ibn Majah, Targheeb)

121.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Allah Ta’ala has said, “There are three men against whom I will take a stand and he whom I oppose, I shall give him (a crushing) defeat. One of them is a man who gave assurance in My name but then was faithless; the other, a man who sold a free man and enjoyed the price he received for him; and the third, one who hired someone on wages but did not pay him his wages after getting him to do what he was hired to do.” (Bukhari, Ibn Majah, Targheeb)
SAYINGS OF THE MESSENGER (122 TO 129)
(SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM)
Debts and Repayments
122.       Sayyidina ‘Adullah bin ‘Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       Keep your sins in check; death will come easily. Let your debts be limited; you will spend your life in comfort. (Bukhari, Targheeb)

123.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       If anyone borrows from another intending to repay then Allah makes circumstances ideal for him to repay. But, if anyone borrows to waste the others money then Allah wastes the man himself. (Bukhari, Ibn Majah, Targheeb)

124.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       If anyone agrees to pay a specified dower to a woman and he marries not really intending to pay it to her then he is committing fornication. If anyone borrows money from another not intending to repay then he is a thief. (Bazzaar, Targheeb)

125.       Sayyidina Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah bin Jahsh (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if a man were to be killed in the path of Allah (in Jihad) then come to life, be killed again in His Path then come to life, be killed again in the path of Allah but have a debt over him then he will not go to Paradise until his debt is paid. (Nasa’i, Targheeb)

126.       Sayyidina ‘Adullah bin ‘Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       If anyone dies while he owes someone one dinar or one dirham then that will be paid from his pious deeds (that is, the creditors will be paid the debtor’s pious deeds) because dinar and dirham will not be (in circulation) there. (Ibn Majah, Targheeb)

127.       Sayyidina Abu Qataadah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       The person who hopes that Allah will remove his sufferings on the day of Resurrection, let him give respite to a hard-pressed (debtor) and mitigate his suffering or forgive him (altogether). (Muslim, Mishkat)

128.       Sayyidina ‘Abu Yasar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       The person who allows respite to one in straitened circumstances or remits his debts altogether then Allah will shade him with His Mercy. (Muslim, Mishkat)

129.       Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
       A man was given to extend loans to other people and he had instructed his servants to forgive if they met anyone who was in straitened circumstances, saying, “Perhaps Allah will forgive us our sins.” Thus, when he died and met Allah, He forgave him his sins. (Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat)



Collected by Muhammad Sharif Fauji from The Book “Sayings of The Prophet” (Peace Be Upon Him),  Written by Justice Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani &  Published by Darul Ishaat, Urdu Bazaar Karachi

Friday, 26 April 2013

How You Disbelieve In God


LESSON # 44 HOLY QUR’AAN
BAQARAH - 2
How You Disbelieve In God
Verse – 28 of 286, section -2
How disbelieve ye in Allah
when ye were dead and He
gave life to you! Then He
will give  you death, then life
again, and then unto Him ye
will return.
Kayfa takfuruuna billaahi wa kuntum ‘am-waatan- fa- ‘ahyaakum. Summa yumiitukum summa yuhyiikum summa ‘ilay—hi turja-‘uun.

Lesson
Turja-‘uun – You will be returned. This word discloses the fact that human being does not end forever after his death. Moreover he will be given life again and he will be present in front of God Almighty.

       The Messengers (Peace be upon Them) of Allah Almighty came towards all the nations of world and in the each corner of the earth. They all had the same message that God is one, He is the real Worshipped of all and He is actual Lord, life and death are in His Hands.

       He is the God Who created the earth as bed, the rivers flew in it so that the earth may become green and lush, and crops move about. He produced the mountains on it, grew vegetation and minerals. Erected the sky without pillars. Created the sun, the moon and the stars, from which someone can look the path in the dark nights. He is Who has given us life and provided materials for our improvement.

       Consider it well also that there was a time when there was not any sign of human beings. Each side of the world was silent. He gave life to the human being. Human being spent his life here for many years. The mankind took advantages from His creatures. Then a time will come when all the alive human beings will die.. After it these human beings and other persons who had expired before them will get life by the Orders of Allah. Then all the human beings will appear before the God.

       Power of giving Life and death is in the God’s hands. When last time of life comes for anyone, no body can extend till one second of the life.

       When all the resources including life of human beings are in powers of Allah and every breath depends on His mercy. Then we should bow our heads in front of the Orders of Allah Almighty. Our good luck and forgiveness is in it that we should try to be prepared for appearance in front of God and accountability for our deeds.

                       
Transliteration in Roman Script, English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore & translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji 

Wednesday, 24 April 2013

Who Go Astray


LESSON # 43 HOLY QUR’AAN
BAQARAH - 2
Who Go Astray  
Verse – 27 of 286, section -3
Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it, and sever that which Allah ordered to be joined and (who) make mischief in the earth. Those are they who are the losers. 
‘Allaziina yanqu-zuuna ‘Ah-dallaahi mim-ba’-di mii-saaqihii, wa yaqta-‘uuna maaa ‘amarallaahu bihiii ‘any-yuu-sala wa yufsiduuna fil-‘arz ‘ulaaa-‘ika humul-khaa-siruun.
Lesson
‘Ah-da – (Covenant) To act upon the Spoken words after speaking them becomes necessary. Covenant of God means that The God is our Lord and we believe to obey the covenant of God. God asked from all the mankind collectively before sending them in this world, “Am I not your Lord”? All the mankind ratified, “Yes! You are our Lord”. Then God commanded, “I make witness to the earth and sky. And to remind you this covenant that I shall send My Messengers (Peace be upon Them). Hazrat Abi bin Ka’ab (Compliments on Him) said that the meaning of the Covenant of God is this covenant in this verse. Besides the covenant of the Day of Eternity there is some other covenant in which nature of mankind is present. Then there are other covenants also present which were done by having faith on the Prophets (Peace be upon Them) and are done with the pious on the name of God.

       It has been being discussed from the previous verse that adulterers and disobedient people become victim of depravity. Now causes of their depravity are being mentioned:   

·       They break the covenant after ratifying with God. To believe that Allah is my Master, my Worshipped and my Lord is a very simple talk and the sense of the mankind wishes itself that he should not believe on any other thing as his Lord but God.
·       Other token is that the miscreant breaks each type of that relationship to which God has commanded to unite. It means that the person should perform and complete all the Rights of God and which are due on him in accord with relationship with the mankind. But the miscreant becomes undutiful and ungrateful.
·       Third mark of the fornicator is that he spreads disturbance in the country. He creates mischief in the peace of world.   

       After pointing out towards above three signs the God has told their end that these people will go astray regarding the religion and the world. God Almighty save us from their evil and bring us towards the straight path.                 



Transliteration in Roman Script, English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall (Holy Qur’aan published by Paak Company, Urdu Bazar Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore, translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji


                                                                                                                                                   

Monday, 22 April 2013

Similes of Holy Qur’aan and Their Affects


LESSON # 42 HOLY QUR’AAN
BAQARAH - 2
Similes of Holy Qur’aan and Their Affects  
Verse – 26 of 286, section -3
Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude of a gnat or even anything above that. Those who believe know that it is the truth from their Lord; and those who disbelieve say: What doth Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude? He misleadeth many thereby, and He guideth many thereby. And He misleadeth thereby only miscreants.  
 ‘Innallaaha laa yastah-yiii ‘any-yazriba masalam-maa ba-‘uuzatan- famaa fawqahaa. Fa-‘ammallaziina ‘aamanuu fa-ya’-lamuuna ‘annahul-Haqqu mir-Rabbihim. Wa ‘ammal-laziina kafaruu fayaquuluuna maazaaa’araadallaahu bihaa-zaa masa-laa. Yuzillu bihii kasiiranw-, wayahdii bihii kasiiraa. Wa maa yu-zillu bihiii ‘illal-Faasi-qiin.
Lesson
Fawqahaa – (Above that). More lean and ignoble thing than above.
       In the previous verses disbelievers were invited to prove the truth of Holy Qur’aan that if they consider it is not the Speech of God, they produce the speech like this. But they could neither reply till to-date and nor they will till the Day of Resurrection. In this condition of helplessness they could not do anything. However they tried to find out and said that how is it an extraordinary that The God having too much high position and greatness gives similitude of so contemptible and lean things?
       It is true that in the Holy Qur’aan bigger creatures are also mentioned on different places along with the smaller, animals like on one side the elephants, camels and horses etc and on the other hand ant, fly and mosquito etc. To make the people understand the God has discussed similes of these animals. As somewhere He says that idols of infidels are too weak and helpless to create a fly. But when a fly or mosquito sits on their faces they can not let it fly. Somewhere He says that religion of Infidels is weak like spider’s web. Hearing these like similes some Infidels began to say that God of Muslims speaks so strange (we seek refuge in Allah) that He does not hesitate to give instances of so small things. God replied on their criticism in this verse.
Simile means the thing for which example is given, be impressed upon mind by explaining widely and illuminating. Now that simile will be the best which fulfills this intention, wishing that thing is much customary or small itself. Mosquito is a too much ignoble and unimportant creature. Now where there is need to explain unreality of idols or any other creature, there will be appropriate example of mosquito. Criticizing against it is a folly and immaturity.
Summary of above verse is that Allah Almighty does not hesitate to give example of mosquito or smaller thing than it. Because purpose to give example is to explain anything. The example will be given like something is. There is nothing to hesitate or take bad with it.
The Believers take this example as true and proper explainer and consider it right from the God. But Infidels laugh at these examples and taunt critically that what Allah Almighty means by giving these types of examples?
The Believers have faith on being worshipped of God Almighty and Truth of Hadrat Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). They consider it their first duty to admit the orders of God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him)) and to act on them. Therefore, if God Almighty explains any simile, they try to understand its true meanings. They do not care that the similitude is of what sort itself? Is it customary or have some importance? Is there an explanation of either any superior or inferior thing. Though they think about its true meaning and learn from it.
The Infidels refuse God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him). They do not have any interest to find the Right. They just keep watching the secrets in the verses or to find out faults. So whenever Allah Almighty explains simile for their consideration in spite of trying to understand its true meanings, they begin to raise unreasonable questions on it.
From this verse we have learnt that the Believers and the people who have good moral character are those who think about the similitude explained by Allah Almighty. They try to understand and do not use crooked arguments in it.
Faasi-qiin - (Miscreants). According to the Divine’s Law who gets out from the obedience of God, disobeys and indulges in sins.
 There are many ways to reach the destination in the world but out of these all there is only one way which can be straight. Allah Almighty gave wisdom and granted sense to the mankind. Not only this, although He sent messages through Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Then) for guidance. After this the mankind is empowered to choose a way which he wants. Now if a person, getting advantage of freedom chooses a wrong way then he falls in evil. And when he adopts evil at his own then other accessories of that way are provided. As putting hand into the fire gets burnt like this when a person adopts a wrong path then evils and harms increase gradually.
According to this verse due to similes of Allah Almighty some people go astray because of their reasoning absurdly and arguments. They do not think about purpose of these examples, although they waste their powers of thinking on criticizing against it. Immoral means miscreants, who run behind their evil desires and do not listen to any talk easily which may prevent them from their bad habits.
At the end of the verse God Almighty explains it more clearly that this astray comes to them who want to go astray. Allah Almighty does not attach astray upon anyone, although his heart leaves out due to his disobedience knowingly and repeatedly. Search for the truth and demand of the Right do not remain. Absurd and lie attach with heart. Though astray is the result of disobedience and evil.
                 
Transliteration in Roman Script, English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall (Holy Qur’aan published by Paak Company, Urdu Bazar Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore, translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji


                                                                                                                                                  

Oneness of God - Quran Chapter 13 – 16a (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1575) - درس قرآن

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