Monday, 3 March 2014

Divorce - Form Of Reconciliation

LESSON # 273 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Divorce - Form Of Reconciliation
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 230    of  286, Section – 29 (Part - 2)

And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if they consider that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. And these are the limits of Allah; He manifesteth them for people who have knowledge.                                                   
Fa-‘in-  tallaqahaa  falaa  tahillu  lahuu  mim- ba’-du  hattaa  tankiha  zawjan  gayrah.  Fa-‘in  tallaqahaa  falaa  junaaha  ‘alay-himaaa ‘any-yataraaja-‘aaa  ‘in  zannaaa  ‘any-yuqiimaa  Huduu-dallaah.  Wa  tilka  Huduudul-laahi  yubayyi-nuhaa  liqawminy-ya’-lamuun.      


Lesson

mim- ba’-du – (thereafter), it means after the third divorce.

Tankiha – (she has wedded), this word has been derived from Nikaah which means marriage. It has been commanded in this verse that after the third divorce the divorced woman will not remain lawful for her first husband till the time she doesn't wed any other person and get divorce from her second husband. Here the word “tankiha” has not been used for the idiomatically meaning as wedding, but it has been used here for its original and literal meaning as ‘intercourse’, because only understood meaning of the marriage has already come out from zawjan,  so the aim from the word tankiha is to declare intercourse and that is its literal meaning.

‘in  zannaaa – (if they consider), that is to say; if they have intention and reliance that thereafter they might be live together with correction and beauty.

It has been stated in this verse that if the husband doesn't reconcile after first two divorces then now at the third time namely after the two divorces three months are sufficient for set them make a truce, meditation and consideration. After the third divorce the husband can not revoke the divorce of that woman who was his wife earlier. Moreover it is not possible that they wed again except in case that the woman wed any other person after passing the term (‘iddat) period (three months) and after intercourse, that second husband either divorces her with his pleasure or goes to death, and three months/four months & ten days respectively of the term (‘iddat) period expires.     

It has already been mentioned that Islamic Divine Law doesn't like the divorce certainly, so restrictions of various sorts have been applied in this matter, and it has been instructed, “Meditate and understand thoroughly before divorce”. Islam provided many opportunities so that they may concord again, but after expiry of all these stages, while the divorce has been finalized, then now there is no chance of concession. Now the husband can’t get back again his wife easily.  


Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)  

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