Sunday, 20 April 2014

Concession To The Distressed

LESSON # 320 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN
Concession To The Distressed

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –280 & 281   of  286, Section –39    (Part – 3)

280.  And if the debtor is in straitened circumstances, then (let there be) postponement to (the time of) ease. And that ye remit the debt as almsgiving would be better for you if ye did but know.

281.  And guard yourselves against a Day in which ye will be brought back to Allah. Then every soul will be paid in full that which it hath earned, and they will not be wronged.
280.  Wa  ‘in-kaana  zuu- ‘us-ratin  fa-nazi-ratun  ‘ilaa  maysarah.  Wa  ‘an-  tasaddaquu  khayrul-lakum  ‘inkuntum  ta’-lamuun.

 281.  Wattaquu  Yawman-turja- ‘uuna  fiihi   ‘ilallaah.  Summa  tuwaffaa  kullu  nafsim-maa  kasabat  wa  hum  laa-  yuzlamuun. 



Lesson

Verse # 275 to onward the orders regarding Interest were being described. Until now, it has been mentioned clearly that the Usury is forbidden. The people, who do the business of interest, whenever (on the Day of Resurrection) they will attend the Court of Allah Almighty, their condition will be like the mad. They will not be able also to stand fairly. Allah Almighty affirmed taking the job upon his Divine to forgive all at once the entire previous corruptions, and strictly urged that this business should be finished completely in future. The necessities of the needy persons should be completed with alms and charity in place of interest/usury. He also commanded that if not anybody would refrain even now, then it would be understood that he is rebel of God Almighty. Therefore, he should be ready for war with Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).

These verses are after those commands and guidance, which are part of this lesson. It is the Divine’s Description, “Give time till his easy circumstances and expansion, if the debtor is poor. So that he may return the principal easily. But, it is much better to forgive him, who can not pay”. This incitement of forgiveness has been told in the words, “And if you remit the debt as alms-giving, it would be better for you”. 

‘inkuntum  ta’-lamuun  - (if you did but know), it is considerable that apparently the benefit of forgiveness will get the debtor, whereas, Allah Almighty commands, “‘inkuntum  ta’-lamuun”  (if you have understanding), then its benefit is really to you.  

At the end Allah Almighty put us in perception of perfect God-fearing and liability of our deeds on the Day of Resurrection in the words, “guard yourselves against a Day in which you will be brought back to Allah. Then every soul will be paid in full that which it has earned, and they will not be wronged”.


Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)  

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