Wednesday, 23 July 2014

Thought Of Hypocrites

LESSON # 441 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Thought Of Hypocrites
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse – 154c of 200, Section –16 (Part – 4)

They hide within themselves (a thought) which they reveal not unto thee, saying: Had we had any part in the cause we should not have been slain here.    
Yukhfuuna  fiii  ‘anfusihim  -maa  laa  yub-duuna  lak.  Yaquuluuna  law  kaana  lanaa  minal-‘amri  shay-‘um-maa  qutilnaa  haa-hunaa.  



Lesson

It is being told continuously that the Muslims suffered a temporary defeat, extreme distress and anxiety after getting victory in the Battle of ‘Uhud due to fault of the archers. The venturesome Muslims remained in the battlefield and put a bold front, but the coward Hypocrites ran away leaving behind the battlefield. They began to say after this incident for removing their disgrace, “Such was the Will of Allah, what is our authority in this matter”? They aimed actually from this saying, “Our counsel was not complied in connection with the battle. We advised the Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) that the enemies should be encountered remaining in the city, but he (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) went out of the Medina for war to carry out the instructions of the boiling young men. If we had some power and we would not be ignored then the Muslims would not have to get so much loss”.

maa  qutilnaa  haa-hunaa(then we should not have been slain here), the Hypocrites determined the slaughter of Ansaar (real inhabitants of Medina) as slaughter of their own. It can also be meant that ‘why so much people should have been slain, if the victory and superiority were to be in accord with the Sayings of Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and why this misfortune would have fallen upon us?’ It is evident from the word haa-hunaa (here) that the Hypocrites used these words in Medina, because Abdullah bin ‘Ubayy had returned to Medina with his companions before starting of the Battle. It has come to notice from some historians that a Hypocrite had used these words in the battlefield. It can be so that some Hypocrites would not have been returned due to some advisability.     

Although it was opinion of the Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) also that the battle should be fought staying in Medina as well as it was advice of the Hypocrites, but maximum young companions judged that they should fight going out from the City. Allah’s Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) wore the chain armor for this purpose. In this form, the Hypocrites had no any right to bring their men back from the Army of Islam. Entire decisions are in the Power of Allah Almighty. He gives victory if He wishes and gives defeat whenever He desires. It does not differ to fight with the enemy remaining in the city or going out of it.  

      
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore and translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif

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