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So, give full measure and full weight
Lesson # 887 from the Noble Quran
So, give full measure and full weight
Surah ‘A’-RAAF(The Heights) – Chapter – 7)
Stage – 2, Verse – 85b of 206, Section – 11 of
24 (Part - 8)
In the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the
so give full measure and full weight and wrong
not mankind in their goods, and work not confusion in the earth after the
fair ordering thereof. That will be better for you, if ye are believers.
wal-miizaana wa laa
tab-khasun-naasa ‘ash-yaaa-‘ahum wa
laa tufsiduu fil-‘arzi
ba’-da ‘is-laahihaa. Zaalikum
khay-rullakum ‘in kuntum-Mu’-miniin.
It has been
mentioned in this verse that, from which wicked deeds, Prophet Shu-aib (peace be upon Him) desired to forbid
His nation, and which words, He used to cause
to understand them for this purpose. The evils, described in the verse, had
been in force into the people of Madian.
It is commanded that Prophet Shu-aib
(peace be upon Him) said to His nation: those things, which you give to other
people after taking full payment, if those belong to measurement, you should
measure them at full scale, if those are relating to weight, then you should
weigh them with full weight. You should not give the commodities of necessities
to the people with less than required weight, and while the method of
bargaining has been settled and the people began to perform their jobs
satisfactorily, then now you should not raise unlawful quarrels by measuring or
weighing less than the required quantity and depriving their rights.
You should not
consider that if you deprived the right of any feeble person, he will say
nothing being a poor, helpless and miserable. The individual, who believes in
Allah Almighty, can never think so. He knows that: Allah Almighty is Lord also
of that poor, helpless and miserable person as of me. If I shall trouble any
junior/inferior person, considering myself senior/superior, God Almighty will
punish me in its retribution, because I am going to harm one of His servants
without any reason and molesting him.
It seems that
during that era, any kind of currency i.e. $, Pd or any kind of coin was not
yet introduced or if, there was, then it was not common. Then barter system was
in use, that is to say; if anyone had any kind of one commodity, he used to
exchange it according to own necessities. Rates of bazaar were fixed that;
after giving a certain thing, you can get so and so of own necessity as that
quantity. Therefore, seller and purchaser used to give and take by measuring
and weighing, keeping account of the rate of their commodities.
In Madian, this selfishness had arisen that
the individual, who had commodity of necessity, he used to take the commodity
of its actual measure or weight, but he used to give own commodity to the
necessitous individual, less in quantity than the market rate. Anyhow, the order
for price is the same, whether that is commodity or cash, that, when the price
has been taken in full, then the commodity should also be given with full
measure or weight.
Prophet Shu-aib (peace be upon Him) made this
wickedness clear and urged to remove this tendency because at the time of taking
anything, taking it at full scale and at the time of giving anything; giving
less in weight or measure; is just like depriving the right of any other; and
marring the concluded rate of bazaar, which means “working confusion in the
earth after the fair ordering thereof.
Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from
Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall,
Published by PaakCompany,
17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to
English by Muhammad Sharif)