Tuesday, 25 February 2014

Term (‘Iddat)

LESSON # 269 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Term (‘Iddat)
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 228a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part - 2)

Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart, three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day.
Wal-mutallaqaatu  yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna  salaasata  quruuu’.  Wa  laa ya—hillu  lahunna  ‘any-yaktumna  maa khalaqallaahu  fiii  ‘ar-haa-mihinna  ‘in-kunna  yu’-minna  billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.


Lesson

‘Al-mutallaqaatu – (the divorced women), each that woman who has been divorced, is called mutallaqah. According to the religious laws it aims only those wives, who are free, adult and act of intercourse has been performed with them, not those women who are lawful bondwomen, minor and who have not been touched with any adult male.

Yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna – (they shall wait, keeping themselves apart), for instance it should not be so that hither the husband divorced her wife and thither she wedded any other husband. Likewise this relation will become just a game.

Salaasata  quruuu-‘in – (three (monthly) courses), literal meaning of qur’ is only a specified period but here it means menstruation.

Maa khalaqAllaahu – (which Allah has created), the thing which is in the womb, that is to say; if she is pregnant then she should not conceal her pregnancy.

It has been mentioned in this verse that if the husband has divorced her wife then that woman should not marry immediately another husband. Moreover she would have to wait not less than three (monthly) courses. There are many advisabilities for example; the husband gets chance of consideration and meditation with cool heart. On the other side belief regarding pregnancy becomes matured. Like this the children of one person can’t get the other. So it is duty of the woman that she should disclose which is in her belly.

This term is called ‘iddat in the Divine law of Religion. As though two lessons have been commanded here:

1.   It is reasonable to wait for a specified period after divorce. 

2.   If she is pregnant then she should not conceal but disclose it. There are uncountable moral and social advantages in these both orders.  

The matters which are being discussed continuously regarding divorce in this part of Holy Qur-’an, demand our special attention, because in the present epoch the divorce has become a joke in the world. A few women would be in the West who don’t get divorce, and they are tyrannized in the East but are not divorced. There is a dire need to publicize this temperate teaching of Islam now a day.           

  
Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)