And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the Messenger, from him who turneth on his heels.
Wa maa ja-‘alnal-Qiblatal-latii kunta ‘alayhaaa ‘illaa li-na’-lama many-yattabi-‘ur-Rasuula mim-many-yanqalibu ‘alaa ‘aqibayh.
Friday, 23 August 2013
Philosophy In Change Of Qiblah
LESSON # 145 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Philosophy In Change Of Qiblah
Verse –143b of 286, Section – 17 (Part 2)
Li-na’-lama – (that We might know) the word ilm (knowledge) is used here only for distinction, identification and recognition.
It was the blessed habit of the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that in which matter there was no instruction from the God Almighty, in that matter He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to choose the manner of former Prophets (peace be upon Them), for instance the pray had become duty to offer, but there was no clear order available regarding Qiblah. The Messenger of Allah Almighty used to offer prayers turning towards the
was the Qiblah of the children of Temple of Jerusalem . It has
also known clearly from the words of this verse ‘Wa maa ja-‘alnaa’
that in the beginning to face towards the former Qiblah was with the
sanction of God Almighty. When He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) migrated
from Makkah to Madina, even then the Israel (bayt
ul Maqaddas) also remained Qiblah. But after a period of nearly
sixteen months the God Almighty ordered to change the Qiblah and the
Ka’-ba was appointed as Qiblah of the Muslims. Temple of Jerusalem
The God Almighty commands in this verse, “It was the purpose to keep the Qiblah to Bayt ul Muqaddas (the
temporarily for a short time so that the Obedient and the Violent may be
separated”. Temple of Jerusalem
The Idolaters of Makkah were not convinced for reverence of the Qiblah as the
. So it
was a clear sign of embracing Islam in Makkah that each person has to
offer his prayers turning towards the Temple of Jerusalem . Near to
the Jews and the Christians of Madina, the Temple of Jerusalem had no
honor. So in Madina it became the sign of embracing Islam that the
prayer should be offered facing towards the BaytUl-laah (Khana Ka’-ba),
the Temple of Makkah . Here
upon it became easy to make a distinction between the Muslims and the
Non-Muslims. Temple of Makkah
instead of the Temple of Makkah (Bayt
ul Muqaddas) during the life in Makkah then perhaps the people of Makkah
might consider it as a kind of flattery and they might embrace Islam due to
their own country’s Qiblah instead of taking this religion as the Order
of God Almighty. Thus Islam is pure from all these objects. Teaching of the
religion is not for favor of any particular nation or race. Islam has come for
the entire world and its teachings are for the entire nations. Temple of Jerusalem
Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)
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