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Showing posts from October, 2013

Fight In The Way Of Allah Almighty

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LESSON # 207 FROM HOLY QUR’ANFight In The Way Of Allah AlmightyBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)Verse –190 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  - 2)
And fight in the Way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.     Wa  qaatiluu  fii  sabiilil-laahil-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum  wa  laa  ta’-taduu.  ‘Innallaaha  laa yuhibbul-mu’-tadiin.

Lesson
Qaatiluu – (fight) it is derived from the word Qataal which means ‘to fight’. The Muslims are being commanded at the stage when the enemies and oppressors of Islam have pulled down tyranny upon them. This oppression was not only for a few days, it also was used to pull down for thirteen years during the stay in Makkah. Having patience in reply of aggression and cruelty of Infidels, when the Muslims left their homes and native land, and colonized in Madina then they were permitted to fight against the enemies for protection after so long and hard trial which was also due to their attacks and strictur…

A Custom Of Ignorance

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LESSON # 206 FROM HOLY QUR’ANA Custom Of IgnoranceBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)Verse –189b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  - 2)
It is not righteousness that ye go to houses by the backs thereof (as do the idolaters at certain seasons), but the righteous man is he who wardeth off (evil). So go to houses by the gates thereof, and observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.   Wa  laysal-birru  bi-‘an-  ta’-tul-  bu-yuuta  min- zuhuurihaa  wa  laakinnal-birra  manittaqaa.  Wa’-tul-bu-yuuta min  ‘abwaabihaa;  wat-taqullaaha  la-‘allakum  tuflihuun.

Lesson
Before Islam it was tradition during the time of ignorance that when the people of Arab used to fasten their determination dress during the days of pilgrimage, they considered inauspicious and ill-omened to enter their houses through the gates/doors. Moreover they used to enter making doors in the back walls of their houses or climb on the roofs from the backyard of their houses and leap in their houses. They used to suppose i…

Account Of The Moon

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LESSON # 205 FROM HOLY QUR’ANAccount Of The MoonBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)Verse –189a of 286, Section – 24 (Part  - 2)
They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of new moon. Say: They are fixed seasons for mankind and for the Pilgrimage.  Yas-‘aluunaka  ‘anil- ‘Ahil-lah.  Qul  hiya  mawaaqiitu  lin-naasi  wal-Hajj.

Lesson
‘Ahil-lah – (the new moon) ‘Ahil-lah is plural of Hilaal. About the moon the questions of the people were nearly like, “first rising of the moon, then it’s increasing date-wise and then its decreasing date-wise, and then till the time its disappearing – why it is so? And what is the reason of these changes?
Mawaaqiitu – (time, season) it is plural of miiqaat which means prescribed time or instrument and a measure of the time.
The changes which come in the moon, those may be commonly seen and felt. It is a natural thing to ask about these things by the mankind because he remains restless to get the more and excessive sciences. Some people asked from the Messenger of God Almighty (…

Bribe

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LESSON # 204 FROM HOLY QUR’ANBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)BribeVerse –188b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  - 2)
Nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.  Wa tudluu bihaaa ‘ilal-huk-kaami  li-ta’-kuluu  fariiqam-min  ‘amwaalin-naasi  bil-‘ismi  wa  ‘antum  ta’-lamuun.

Lesson
Tudluu – (don’t seek gain by supplying money or any other valuable thing to the officials for getting their favor. Don’t put affect on the rulers/officers either bribing them or giving them property as financial gifts t0 approach and get unlawful advantage).
Fariiqan – (part, share) it also means any group or party but here it has been used as portion or part.
Bil-‘ismi – (unjust, untrue) all kinds of evils are included in the meanings of the word ‘ism.
The Holy Qur’an has forced here on two things for justice, equity and security of the rights of people in the society:
1.   If any body intends to put affect on the rulers and officials, and …

To Eat Up others' Property Unjustly

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LESSON # 203 FROM HOLY QUR’ANBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)To Eat Up others' Property UnjustlyVerse –188a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)
And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity, Wa  laa  ta’-kuluu  ‘am-waalakum-   bay-nakum-  bil-baa-tili 

Lesson
Laa  ta’-kuluu – (do not eat) this word has been originated from the word ‘akala which means ‘to eat’. Technically it doesn’t mean only ‘to eat’ but it also signifies to use the property after getting it unlawfully.
‘Am-waalakum – (property of one another) all the Muslims are being addressed and here it doesn't mean ‘your property’ but it aims ‘the property of one another out of you’.
Bay-nakum – (mutually themselves) the wise persons have told that the circle of this word is very spacious. This order is not limited only on the property of the Muslims; it also means the property of the entire human beings. Desiring they are either Muslims or Infidels, getting the property of any person with treachery, deception, oppression and…

The Limits Imposed By Allah

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LESSON # 202 FROM HOLY QUR’ANBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)The Limits Imposed By Allah    Verse –187e of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)
These are the limits imposed by Allah, so approach them not. Thus Allah expoundeth His Revelation to mankind that they may ward off (evil). Tilka  huduudullahi  falaa taq-rabuuhaa.  Kazaalika  yubay-yinullaahu  ‘Aayaatihii  linnaasi  la-‘allahum  yatta-quun.

Lesson
Tilka (These) it signifies towards those six/seven orders which have been expounded in the earlier lessons.
Huduudun – (plural of Hadd which means limits)it aimsthe limits of the customs, codes and regulations imposed by the God Almighty not to approach them as pressed again and again in the Holy Qur’an.
‘Aayaat– (Verses) means orders, customs, laws, rules and regulations.
The Holy Qur’an has explained all concerning rules and regulations after discussing about blessings and becoming obligation of the fasting also cleared the necessities and codes of being at one’s devotions in the mosque. Now it…

Orders During Being At Devotions In Mosque

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LESSON # 201 FROM HOLY QUR’ANBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)Orders During Being At Devotions In Mosque    Verse –187d of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)
And touch them not, but be at your devotions in the mosques. Wa  laa tubaashi-ruuhunna  wa  ‘an-tum  ‘aakifuuna, fil-masaajid.

Lesson
Laa tubaashi-ruuhunna – (touch the wives not) here the word ‘to go in unto the wives’ has been used in the spacious meanings that is to say, not only to stop from committing a sexual intercourse but kissing and bugging is also forbidden during curbing one’s passion from religious motives continuing in the mosque (sitting by oneself in the mosque and think of God Almighty) particularly during the third Ashrah of the month of Ramadan.
‘Aakifuuna – (to be at devotions) its literal meanings are “to keep oneself preventing from the use of anything or make something necessary over oneself. Technically it means ‘endowing oneself for worship sitting in the mosque’
Another order has been delivered regarding the fasting, “do…

Timings Of The Fasting

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LESSON # 200 FROM HOLY QUR’ANBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)Timings Of The FastingVerse –187c of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)
And eat and drink until the white thread becometh distinct to you from the black thread of the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast till nightfall.  Wa  kuluu  wash-rabuu  hattaa  yata-bayyana  lakumul-khaytul-‘abyazu  minal-khaytil-‘aswadi  minal-Fajr.  Summa  ‘atimmus-Siyaama  ‘ilal-layl.

LessonAl-Fajr – (the dawn) it does not mean the false dawn but that is the light of early in the morning which can be seen some time later than just before daybreak, while the light begins to spread towards east and the west, that is called ‘dawn of the day’. Till that time (dawn of the day) meals (or food) may be taken for keeping a fast. It has been much appreciated in the Sayings of the Prophet (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to take meals (or food) during the last time. The Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded t…

Object Of Holding Intercourse

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LESSON # 199 FROM HOLY QUR’ANBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)Object Of Holding IntercourseVerse –187b of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)
Allah is aware that ye were deceiving yourselves in this respect and He hath turned in mercy towards you and relieved you. So hold intercourse with them and seek that which Allah hath ordained for you, ‘Alimallaahu  ‘annakum  kuntum  takhtaanuuna  ‘anfusakum  fataaba  ‘alaykum  wa  ‘afaa  ‘an-kum.  Fal-‘aana  baashiruu-hunna  wabtaguu  maa  kataballahu  lakum,

Lesson
Takhtaanuuna  ‘anfusakum – (you were deceiving yourselves) some weak Muslims used to convict themselves of deception.
Baashiruu-hunna – (hold intercourse with your wives)
In the previous lesson it has been mentioned that in the beginning of Islam the Muslims did not use to go in unto their wives on the night of the fast like the people of the Scripture. But some of them could not control themselves and either broke this restriction due to being subdued of their sexual feelings or grew desir…

Relation Between Husband And Wife

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LESSON # 198 FROM HOLY QUR’ANBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)Relation Between Husband And WifeVerse –187a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)
It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on the night of the fast. They are raiment for you and ye are raiment for them. ‘U-hilla  lakum  laylatas-Siyaamir-rafasu  ‘ilaa  nisaaa-‘i-kum.  Hunna  libaasul-lakum  wa  ‘antum  libaasul-lahunn.

Lesson
‘Ar-rafasu – (to go in unto (wives), literal meaning of the word rafasa is ‘the speech or talk which excite sexual feelings and sensual wishes. Here it means ‘to sleep together of husband and wife for intercourse’.
You know that the orders of the Islamic Divine were revealed slowly and gradually. Like the people of the Scripture (the children of Israel) the Muslims also used to refrain to commit sexual intercourse with their wives after sleeping at night during the month of Ramadan. It has been softened through this verse, and permitted to commit sexual intercourse at night.
It discloses that the Isla…

Two Conditions For The Supplication

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LESSON # 197 FROM HOLY QUR’ANBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)Two Conditions For The SupplicationVerse –186b of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)
So let them hear My call and let them believe in Me, in order that they may be led aright. Fal- yastajiibuu  lii  wal-yu’-minuu  bii  la-‘allahum  yar-shuduun.

Lesson
It was stated in the previous lesson that Allah Almighty is extremely near to the human beings. He is aware most of their circumstances. He is apprised their needs, knows their advisability, wishes their welfare and betterment, hears their call, accepts their supplication, and treat them with kindness and blessing. Now two conditions have been commanded by God Almighty for acceptance of the supplication:
Fal- yastajiibuu  lii – (So let them hear My call, they should obey My order) it also includes the meanings – to agree, to believe, to suppose, to confess, to admit. First condition of the supplication is that the suppliant should obey the commands, guidelines and manners instructed by the G…

The Supplication

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LESSON # 196 FROM HOLY QUR’ANBAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)The SupplicationVerse –186a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)
And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calleth unto Me.Wa ‘izaa sa-‘alaka ‘ibaa-dii ‘annii fa-‘innii Qariib. ‘Ujiibu da’- watad-daa-‘i   ‘izaa da-‘aani,

Lesson
Annii (concerning Me, about Me) that is to say they ask about My nearness and distance. Some religions have considered that the God Almighty has so much distance and high from us that reaching there is entirely impossible. Islam rejected this wrong belief and told that Allah Almighty is extremely near to the human being.
Innii Qariibun (surely I am nigh (near) it means that Allah Almighty is also near to the mankind in accord with His knowledge and acquaintance, as well as near to him for listening his prayer and admitting too. In the Holy Qur’an it is commanded in another place “Surely I am nearest too than his main vein (of human being)”.…